ARON, ROBERT


ARON, ROBERT
ARON, ROBERT (1898–1975), French author. After completing classical studies and being wounded in World War I, he engaged in literary activity, as private secretary to the powerful critic R. Doumic and as a participant in the rising publishing enterprise NRF. His main interest was the reform of political life in a broad socialist, universalist, and ethical perspective, known as "personalism." He was active in the movement "Ordie Nouveau," which saw in federalism a remedy against fascism. With Arnaud Dandieu (1897–1933), Aron wrote Décadence de la nation française (1931), Le Cancer américain (1931), La Révolution nécessaire (1933), and (on his own) La Fin de l'apres-guerre (1938). Arrested as a Jew in occupied France during World War II and liberated as a result of the intervention of Vichy authorities, he joined the Resistance movement and remained in hiding until he reached free Algiers. There he worked for the provisional French government and returned to his beloved themes in writing: Fraternité des Français (1943), Précis de l'unité française (1945), and Principes du fédéralisme (1948, with Alexandre Marc). After the liberation of France he devoted himself principally to contemporary and religious history. In addition to general studies on topical problems, Les Origines de la Guerre d'Algérie (1962), Les Grands dossiers de l'histoire contemporaine (1962), Les Nouveaux grands dossiers de l'histoire contemporaine (1963), Le Socialisme français face au marxisme (1971), he studied the internal rivalry which had divided the French people in World War II in his books Le Piege ou nous a pris l'histoire (1950), Histoire de Vichy (1954, with the half-Jewess Georgette Elgey (Lacour-Grayet), Histoire de la libération de la France (1959), Charles de Gaulle (1964), and Histoire de l'epuration (four volumes, 1967–75). The tragedy of the fate of European Jewry awakened his Jewish consciousness, which he sought to confront with his Christian-based education in works such as Retour a L'Eternel (1946), Portrait de Jésus (1951), Ce que je crois (1958), Les Années obscures de Jésus (1960), the first volume of a Histoire de Dieu (1963), Ainsi priait Jesus enfant (1968), Discours contre la methode (1974), Lettre ouverte a l'Eglise de France (1975). Towards the end of his life he was reaching a neo-orthodox position – a living approach to the traditional teachings. His prestige in the world of literary criticism led to his election to the Académie française (1974), but he died a few days before the official ceremony. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: H. Smolowski, R.A. est entré a l'Académie … (T.J. Hebdo, 298, March 15–21, 1974); P. Viansson-Ponté, La Mort de R.A. (Le Monde, April 22, 1975). (Moshe Catane)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Robert Aron — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Aron. Robert Aron (25 mai 1898 au Vésinet 19 avril 1975 à Paris) est un écrivain français, auteur d’essais politiques et d’ouvrages historiques et membre de l’Académie française. Sommaire …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Robert O. Paxton — Robert Paxton Pour les articles homonymes, voir Paxton. Robert Owen Paxton, né en 1932, est un historien américain spécialiste de la Seconde Guerre mondiale. Il a notamment signé des recherches importantes sur la France de Vichy. Sommaire 1… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Robert Aron — (May 25, 1898 April 19, 1975) was a French writer who authored a number of works on politics and history. Early lifeThe son of an established stockbroker, Robert Aron was from an upper class Jewish family with origins in Eastern France. After… …   Wikipedia

  • Robert Aron — (* 25. Mai 1898 in Le Vésinet, Département Seine et Oise; † 19. April 1975 in Paris) war ein französischer Historiker und Essayist, der 1974 Mitglied der Académie française wurde. Leben Nach dem Besuch des Lycée Condorcet diente er während des… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Aron (name) — Aron is a masculine given name and a surname. It is an alternate spelling of Aaron , prominent biblical figure in the Old Testament. The name mean mountaineer , or mount of strength . There are given name and surname variants.People with the name …   Wikipedia

  • Aron Nimzowitsch — Full name Aron Nimzowitsch Country Latvia Denmark Born November 7, 1886(1886 11 07) R …   Wikipedia

  • Aron (Familienname) — Aron ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Edith Aron (* 1923), deutsche Schriftstellerin Hermann Aron (1845–1913), deutscher Ingenieur Jacques Aron (* 1933), belgischer Architekt Jean Paul Aron (1925–1989), französischer Schriftsteller Mihai… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Robert W. Firestone — (September 8 1930 ) is an author, artist, and clinical psychologist whose theory (Separation Theory and Voice Therapy Methodology) integrates psychodynamic, existential, and humanistic schools of thought. His work explores how defenses against… …   Wikipedia

  • Robert Brunschwig — Robert Emmanuel[1] Brunschwig (17 juillet 1888, Altkirch 1944, Auschwitz), est un rabbin orthodoxe non consistorial et résistant français, leader communautaire, déporté à Auschwitz et tué par les nazis[2]. Sommaire 1 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Robert Sadin — Pays d’origine  États Unis Activité principale Chef d orchestre, Arrangeur musical, Producteur de musique …   Wikipédia en Français


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.